What Is Breast Cancer ?
Brest cancer is one of the most common when compared to other types of cancer .
Breast cancer is a cancer that emerges from the breast tissue. It is the most invasive cancer in women, and considered to be the second main cause of cancer death in women, after lung cancer. The chance of any women dying from breast cancer is around 1 in 37, or 2.7.
Breast cancer symptoms include
- Bone pain
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Shortness of breath or yellow skin in the distant spread of the disease.
Some of the breast cancer signs may include
- A lump in the breast
- Changes in breast shape
- Dimpling of the skin
- Fluid coming out of the nipple (blackish discharge)
- Itchiness or orange-peel like texture is seen.
There are many types of breast cancer that differ in their capability of spreading to other body tissues, (metastasize). It is a cancer similar to others which occurs due to an interaction between an environmental factor (external) and a genetically susceptible host (internal) factor. Normal cells divide as many times as needed and stop. While dividing they stick or attach to other cells as well.
Breast cancer can be broadly characterized into 2 major types
- Ductal Carcinoma: It begins in the milk duct and is the most common type.
- Lobular Carcinoma: This begins in the lobules.
Outcomes for breast cancer vary depending on the type of the cancer, and person’s age.
Some Of The Other Breast Cancer Symptoms Include:
- Pain in the armpits or breast that does not change with the monthly cycle.
- Pitting or redness of the skin of the breast, like the skin of the orange.
- A rash around or on one of the nipples.
- The discharge from the nipple probably containing the blood.
- A sunken or inverted nipple
Diagnosis Of Breast Cancer
A diagnosis is done as a result of routine screening, or it is diagnosed when the women just identifies the breast cancer symptoms and signs. It is told to every women, to do a self check everytime. As “precaution is better than a cure.”
1. Breast Exam: In breast exam the physician checks the overall symptoms like presence of lumps and appearances as well. During the test the patient is asked to raise the hand above or at the sides for the examination.
2. Imaging Tests:
- A mammogram: Is used it is a type of x-ray which is commonly used for the initial breast cancer screening. From this test we get to know if there is any lump or infection in the patient’s breast.An Ultrasound Scan: This scan helps us to differentiate between the solid mass and fluid-filled cyst.
- An MRI Scan: This test too let us know, differentiates, between normal and diseased tissue to precisely pinpoint cancerous cells within the body. It does not use radiation just like in X-rays and CT scans.
3. Biopsy: In biopsy a sample is surgically taken for laboratory analysis. This can show whether the cells are cancerous or not, and if it shows the characteristics of cancer what type of is it. Diagnoses also involves staging the cancer. Staging affects the chances of recovery and will help decide the best treatments that can be taken.
Treatment Of Breast Cancer
Treatment broadly depends upon on the the following categories:
- The type of breast cancer
- The stage of the cancer
- Sensitivity to hormones
- The patient’s age, overall health, and preferences
The main options include Surgery, Radiation therapy, biological therapy, hormone therapy, and chemical therapy.
If the Surgery is required, the choice will depend fully on the patient and the diagnoses. Examples include
- Lumpectomy: It is done when the tumor is easily removable from the surrounding tissue and is small.
- Mastectomy: It removes the lobules, ducts, fatty tissue, nipple, and some skin as well.
- Sentinel node biopsy: In this there is removal of one lymph node, as and one the breast cancer when reaches the lymph node then it can also further be moved to the lymphatic system to other parts of the body.
- Axillary lymph node dissection: In this there is a removal of several lymph nodes in the attempt to prevent the spread of the disease.
- Reconstruction: The reconstruction as the name says it recreates the breast so that it looks similar to the other breast.
Prevention For Breast Cancer
There is no way of curing cancer, but some lifestyle changes and some eating habits may stop the breast cancer symptoms and other types of cancer as well, so some of the prevention are listed below:
- Do yoga and meditate for atleast 1 hour., doing that increases your metabolism of the body.
- Getting enough exercise, may help build your immune system and keep you active.
- Avoid excess alcohol consumption, do not smoke, as it may cause alterations in your healthy cells.
- Maintain a healthy body mass index.
- Preventive surgery is an option for women at high risk.
Some of these prevention if taken it may help you and your further generation to get rid of this breast cancer, as it can crossed the bars more than minimum. Every second women is getting it, mostly hit country is U.S. So ladies think and and start protecting yourself.