What Is Facial Dryness And Scalp Itchiness ?
Seborrheic dermatitis, a type of skin condition that most often causes facial dryness and scalp itchiness, moreover, affects about 6 million children and adults in the U.S. Though it can be tricky to recognize or diagnose seborrheic dermatitis because the skin reactions caused by it triggers mimic those caused by similar conditions like psoriasis, other forms of eczema or even allergic reactions.
Patients suffering from dermatitis have reported that outbreaks are triggered by the factors like:
- Trauma, emotional stress or depression
- Fatigue and lack of sleep
- Exposure to damp or dry conditions in the home and/or workplace, such as excessive air-conditioning
- Systemic infections
- Use of certain medications
- Other immune-disruptions
- Facial dryness and scalp itchiness
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Treatment And Remedies
Treatment options for treating symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis, especially the most common symptom, scalp dandruff, includes
1. Medicated Shampoo
Whenever you visit doctor and you may notice he always prescribes you at least 2-3 medicated shampoos for such a skin problem. The four basic types of these shampoos are coal tar shampoo, selenium sulfide shampoo, tea tree oil shampoo and zinc pyrithione shampoo. You can use tea tree oil shampoo daily. Use the other three types twice a week.
- Coal Tar Shampoo is a keratolytic agent. These are meant to soften the protein keratin on the skin and allow dead skin cells to be sloughed off more easily.
- Selenium Sulfide Shampoo is intended to help treat seborrheic dermatitis by fighting infection, relieving the itch associated with this dandruff and removing scaly particles of dandruff. Common side effects include alopecia (a hair loss disease), hair discoloration and skin irritation.
- Tea Tree Oil Shampoo uses the anti-fungal and antibacterial properties of tree tea oil to treat seborrheic dermatitis and the resulting dandruff while also conditioning the skin naturally. It seems this treatment can be effective for mild-to-moderate dandruff symptoms. However, people have reported side effects of allergic contact dermatitis and skin irritation.
- Zinc Pyrithione Shampoo is another anti-fungal and antibacterial agent commonly prescribed to patients with seborrheic dermatitis. It’s one of the least expensive options. The only known common side effect zinc pyrithione may cause is skin irritation.
2. Topical Agents
Dermatologist often prescribe topical creams, shampoos and gels as medication to treat facial dryness and scalp itchiness. They are broken down into categories, including:
- Anti-fungal shampoos (brand names Loprox and Nizora
- Topical corticosteroids
- Topical antifungals (Ciclodan, ketoconazole and Ertaczo)
- Topical calcineurin inhibitors
Calcineurin inhibitors include pimecrolimus or tacrolimus. They work by inhibiting certain immune system actions that cause inflammatory responses.
These agents have a number of known side effects, including stinging, cough, fever, skin atrophy, burning, heading, upper respiratory infection and flu-like symptoms (among others).
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5 Natural Ways To Treat Seborrheic Dermatitis (Facial Dryness And Scalp Itchiness)
1. Treat Itchy Dandruff/Scalp Dryness
Dandruff (the shedding of excessive amounts of dead skin flakes from the scalp) is very common in both adults and children. But this doesn’t mean it’s entirely “normal.” Studies suggest that dandruff is really the over-accumulation of dead skin. Dandruff causes can include low immune function, reactions to the dry winter air, a vitamin-deficient diet and harsh chemicals found in things like chemical-heavy shampoos. Malassezia yeast lives on the scalps of most adults. In excess, it can cause more skin cells to grow and then to die and fall/flake off.
Common seborrheic dermatitis scalp treatments that you can try include:
- Applying a combination of hydrating coconut oil and essential oils to the scalp.
- Making a DIY dry scalp shampoo or mask to cover itchy areas.
- Not shampooing too often but also making sure to clear the scalp. You may have a healthier scalp and hairline if you shampoo about every two to three days, since this can allow natural oils produced by your skin to stay at regular levels.
- Increasing intake of antioxidant-rich food, such as berries and leafy greens.
- Using a humidifier if the air in your home is very dry.
2. Boost Immune System
As described above, low immune function and high inflammation levels are at the root of most skin conditions. Skin irritations are often caused, or at least made worse, by chronic stress, depression, anxiety and fatigue. To improve overall immunity, try following these tips:
- Get seven to eight hours of sleep each night.
- Exercise regularly to control stress.
- Consider taking supplements like omega-3 fatty acids and probiotics.
- Spend at least some time outdoors in nature or the the sun each day.
- Keep up with hobbies and relationships to feel more connected and relaxed.
- Try natural stress relievers like meditation,yoga, prayer, reading, writing or volunteering.
- Consider using adaptogen herbs that help your body deal with stress and control cortisol levels.
- Consume more anti-inflammatory foods including garlic, apple cider vinegar, banana, avocado, flax seed, ginger and coconut oil.
3. Reduce Intake of Inflammatory and Allergen Foods
To help keep inflammation as low as possible, it’s important to keep your diet as unprocessed as possible. Focus on eating whole foods. Minimize your intake of packaged and processed foods known to worsen autoimmune reactions and allergies, including:
- Added sugar and sweetened beverages.
- Processed oils like corn, soy, canola, safflower and sunflower oil.
- Fried foods and trans fats.
- If you’re prone to allergies, foods like refined grain products made with wheat, conventional dairy, shellfish and peanuts.
4. Use Healing Coconut and Essential Oils
Because real coconut oil contains medium-chain fatty acids, including lauric acid and capric acid, it has strong antiviral, antimicrobial and anti-fungal properties. Coconut oil applied to the skin has been shown to help reduce excess yeast, microbes and fungus that can lead to irritation, too much oiliness or dryness. Even better, use coconut oil on the skin along with soothing essential oils — like cedar wood oil, lemongrass, rosemary, tea tree and lavender.
5. Take A Zinc Supplement
It’s more common than you might think to have a zinc defeciency for removing facial dryness and scalp itchiness. Rash and skin irritation are two common signs of this deficiency. This is one reason dermatology rules sometimes suggest testing for low levels of zinc for those with these symptoms.
Like I mentioned above, zinc is also included in some topical agents used to treat seborrheic dermatitis. However, more attention is now paid to the value of internal zinc supplements. For those who experience this condition related to zinc deficiency, supplementing with zinc can help to address some of the underlying problem.